Gastritis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


Gastritis is a frustration, discomfort or erosion of the stomach mucosa. Gastritis is not one disease, but a group of illnesses, that are designated by irritation of the lining of the stomach.

Gastritis can generally be split into acute gastritis and chronic gastritis. Acute gastritis is a unexpected irritation of the lining of the stomach. Acute gastritis it is a term covering a wide Continuum of entities such as inflammatory changes in the gastric mucosa. Acute gastritis is often associated with a serious, acute illness, or injury. Chronic gastritis is an irritation of the lining of the abdomen that develops progressively and continues for a protracted time.


Chronic gastritis may be due to continued uneasiness from the utilization of nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs, infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, pernicious anemia, deterioration of the lining of the abdomen from age, or chronic bile reflux. Helicobacter pylori living in depth in the mucosal layer, which coats the lining of the abdomen. It’s now known to be the foremost reason for stomach ulcers and is a main cause of gastritis. Long term infection with the bacteria causes an extensive inflammatory response which leads to changes in the abdomen lining. One of those changes is atrophic gastritis, a disorder wherein the acid producing glands are slowly ruined.

After discharging from the gallbladder, the bile goes to the little intestine through biliary ducts, the pyloric valve prevents bile from flowing back to stomach from the small bowel.

Dysfunction of the valve provides rise to back flow of bile to the stomach, resulting in inflammation of the gastric mucosa. The stomach lining also can be attacked by the immunity system leading to lack of the stomach cells.

The anemia occurs since the body no further could absorb vitamin B12 because of a lack of a vital stomach element, destroyed by the chronic infection. A kind of anemia that happens when the abdomen lacks a naturally occurring material required to effectively absorb and digest vitamin B12.

A lack of vitamin B12 might change the surface of the tongue and shrink or thin the abdomen lining. Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs reduce prostaglandins which preserves the stomach mucosa thus causes inflammation of stomach lining.

Severe stress due to main surgery, traumatic injury, burns or serious infections may source gastritis as well as ulcers and abdomen bleeding. Cocaine damages the stomach lining and might lead to hemorrhage.

Chemotherapy and radiation given for cancer may cause permanent erosions of the abdomen lining and exploitation of acid generating glands.

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